To determine whether patients with LPR experience an improvement in symptoms before the complete resolution of the laryngeal findings.
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On day 1 of treatment, rabeprazole relieved GORD symptoms across all grades of oesophagitis, with statistically significant (p = 0.0001) improvement in heartburn, regurgitation, epigastric pain and dysphagia. Oesophageal healing was achieved in 77% of patients at week 4 and in 90% at week 8 and treatment was well tolerated.
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The 14-day quadruple therapy with ranitidine bismuth citrate is effective and well tolerated for the patients who failed with the Helicobacterpylori treatment. The patients with older age may receive a more favorable outcome of the treatment.
Fifteen Helicobacter pylori-negative volunteers, consisting of 5 homozygous extensive metabolizers (EMs), 6 heterozygous EMs, and 4 poor metabolizers (PMs) of CYP2C19, took 20 mg rabeprazole, 40 mg rabeprazole, and 20 mg rabeprazole plus 20 mg famotidine at bedtime (at 10 PM) for 8 days. The subjects then underwent 24-hour intragastric pH monitoring on day 8.
To investigate whether overweight/obesity affects proton pump inhibitor pharmacodynamics when used in a single dose in patients with GORD.
In GERD patients with nocturnal heartburn, a single oral dose of rabeprazole 20 mg increased intragastric pH more than pantoprazole 40 mg did throughout the 24 h after dosing.
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The reason that some reflux episodes evoke symptoms is poorly understood, therefore the aim of this study is to assess the determinants of reflux perception in patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy.
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A total of 100 patients (33 males and 67 females, mean age=51.1 years) were enrolled. Eradication rate by PP analysis was 97.9% (47/48) with the 10-day SQT regimen and 87.8% (43/49) with 14-day STT regimen (97.9% vs 87.8%; p-value=0.053). Antibiotic susceptibility testing demonstrated 45% resistance to metronidazole, 14.8% to clarithromycin, and 24.1% to levofloxacin. CYP2C19 genotyping revealed 44.9% RM, 49% IM and 6.1% PM. IL-1B and IL-1RN genotypes were demonstrated as 21.4% for CC, 48.1% for TC, 36.8% for TT, 72.7% for 1/1, and 21.2% for 1/2 genotypes, respectively. The 10-day SQT regimen provided 100% eradication in patients with clarithromycin or dual clarithromycin and levofloxacin H. pylori resistant strains. Moreover, the 10-day SQT regimen resulted in a 100% eradication rate in all patients with CYP2C19 genotype RM and almost type of IL-1B (TC and TT) and IL1-RN genotypes ( 1/2 and other).