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Raloxifene hydrochloride is a selective estrogen receptor modulator that to date has not been shown to cause hypertriglyceridemia in normal, diabetic, or hypertriglyceridemic women. This study was designed to assess the effect of raloxifene on serum triglycerides in postmenopausal women who have a history of increased hypertriglyceridemia with oral estrogen therapy.
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Raloxifene reduces breast cancer risk in women with osteoporosis, and both tamoxifen and raloxifene prevent breast cancer in high-risk women. However, in vitro, raloxifene does not share the pro-estrogenic effects of tamoxifen on the endometrium. Randomized trials of these agents have provided limited information about endometrial cancer risk in the general population. We sought to compare endometrial cancer risks associated with raloxifene, tamoxifen, and nonusers of a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) in the general population and characterize the endometrial tumors occurring in these groups.
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Many older people, especially women, and their doctors still see osteoporosis as part of the natural course of ageing instead of as a preventable or treatable disorder. Height loss, hyperkyphosis, back pain, and fractures are accepted as consequences of ageing. The notion that it is too late to start treatment in a late stage of the disease forms another barrier to treatment. Although most studies of fracture reduction with medical treatment were not designed for the "geriatric" population, the average age of participants in most clinical trials was about 70 years. In all major studies patients also received calcium and vitamin D supplements. Nowadays, clinicians can choose from several effective treatments for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in high-risk postmenopausal women. Data on the anti-fracture potential of calcium/vitamin D, raloxifene, bisphosphonates, strontium ralenate, and parathyroid hormone are now available. Bisphosphonates and strontium ralenate are good choices for first- or second-line treatment, while for the time being parathyroid hormone should only be used for the second-line treatment of osteoporosis in the elderly.
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According to our findings, raloxifene as an adjunctive treatment to risperidone was only superior in improvement of positive symptoms and it was not effective in treating negative and general psychopathology symptoms.
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Growth of raloxifene-resistant MCF-7/Ral cells in vitro and in vivo is repressed by estradiol treatment by a mechanism involving G2/M-phase arrest, decreased NF-kappaB activity, and increased Fas expression to induce apoptosis.
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Randomization was made to raloxifene 60 mg, tibolone 1.25 mg, or placebo. Assessments were performed at baseline and after 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. The study was conducted from July 2003 to January 2008. The tibolone group stopped earlier in February 2006, because of results of the Long-Term Intervention on Fractures with Tibolone study, suggesting an increased risk of cerebrovascular accident.
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Our findings suggest that both E2 and raloxifene inhibited the MCP-1-induced monocyte migration through nongenomic ERalpha. This result may explain one of the antiatherosclerotic effects of E2 and raloxifene on vasculature.
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No consistent correlation between adherence and HRQOL was found.